- What do I need to specify on my CV?
- contact info, photo
- a brief description of the position to which the candidate is applying
- a brief description of the candidate’s main characteristics and skills
- work experience in this specialty, listed in reverse chronological order (usually the last three jobs)
- education (diplomas, certificates, etc.).
- achievements and recommendations.
- Name surname:
Write your name and place them in a larger or bold font.
Specify age, date of birth, marital status. If you are a national of another country, please indicate your nationality.
This is where detailed and thorough information is required so that you can be contacted quickly and efficiently if your application is of interest and would like to invite you to a job interview. This section is indivisible and is an integral part of the candidate’s personal data. This should include your address, telephone number (mobile and landline) and email address (E-mail). Specifying a home address in detail is desirable but not necessary.
When indicating the address of the place of residence, it is also desirable to indicate whether this address is temporary or permanent. When specifying your phone number (s), you can make appropriate notes such as “work”, “home”, etc., as well as the time when you can be called. If other means of communication are available to you, please also indicate them, detailing the terms of your communication. Remember, the sooner an HR or recruitment agency contacts you, the more likely you are to beat your competitors and get the job you want.
In the “Purpose” section you should indicate what job you are interested in or briefly describe the nature of the job you are looking for. You can also specify your preferred salary here. If you decide to specify it – write a minimum fee. You can add the prefix “from” to the amount shown. You may also omit your desired salary if you believe this information may be a reason not to consider your CV.
This is one of the most important sections of your resume. When you don’t have this section, you have the following thoughts: You either have no education or are ashamed of the school where you spent a few years of your life.
The Education section indicates the year of graduation, the full name of the institution and the city in which it is located. The faculty, specialty recorded in the diploma, and qualifications are also indicated. If there is some higher education, it is desirable to write in the first place the education that is most suitable for the position you are seeking. Make a name for “Education” and list all the educational institutions, schools, courses, institutes, etc. that you have completed or are still studying:
- Use either the reverse chronological order, that is, place the last place of learning in the first place, or list in order of importance, that is, identify first the place of learning that is most important for the proposed work.
- Write the following information about each learning place: the learning period, with the exact start and end dates; the place of study (if the name of the school does not specify its location, write the city and country) and finally state the qualification you have acquired upon graduation.
- It is better to list only those learning places that are relevant to the job.
If you have been working for a long time, it is recommended that you provide brief information about your education. If you’re a student or graduate, it’s best to describe everything in detail – successful coursework, diploma, work placement, and more.
Courses, trainings, seminars and other educational events can also be listed on the CV. Just remember that they must be suitable for the vacancy.
- You can also list vocational trainings, courses, seminars, certifications and licenses obtained, but you do not have to list everything you have ever attended. Only state what you think will be useful for the job you are looking for. In the reverse chronological order, indicate the year of graduation, the names of the courses, the duration and the organization where the training took place.
- If you are not a first or second year student, you do not need to write about your school achievements in your CV. Better think about how to make your student experience (organizing and participating in various events, etc.) more attractive to employers.
Competencies and skills:
This section is also called ‘Qualification’. In this section you can summarize your past experience and briefly describe your valuable knowledge, qualities, abilities and skills. You can also simply list your experience in the field and list the main commitments, achievements, and important tasks you had to deal with in your previous job. It is important to remember that all your professional skills and qualities listed above must be strictly in line with the duties you are interested in.
Work experience. Create a title called “Work Experience” and list your former jobs.
Work experience is the key point. It describes the candidate’s work activities. In reverse chronological order, this is where you place your last job in the first place. The principle of materiality can be used, that is, indicate first the place where your work experience is most relevant to your future work; list previous jobs starting with last. Each job should be described as follows: period of employment (year and month of commencement – year and month of dismissal), employer (provide company name, city, country); company name and line of business, position occupied (there may be several). Also, list the tasks you completed here. If you want, here you can highlight your key achievements and positive results.
- It is better to list only those jobs that are important to the employer.
- You should not show in this section that you were often unemployed.
If the candidate has a long biography and extensive work experience, it is advisable to list only the last 3-5 jobs and a maximum of 10 years, and it is important for the young professional to indicate as much (even full) work (practical) experience as possible.
If the topic of your diploma work is related to the company, it makes sense to include it in your CV. One should not forget about his achievements that are directly related to the desired future work. Of course, there are situations where after graduation a candidate cannot boast of even minimal work experience and there is nothing more to mention in a CV except education. But even that is not a reason to despair and upset. The temporary lack of professional and work skills will be offset by personal qualities and willingness to work.
If you have written your CV responsibly and honestly and come to this place, you can congratulate yourself as half the work is done. At this point, the compulsory information, without which your resume is unlikely to serve its immediate purpose, begins, albeit an optional but equally important part of your CV. You are given the opportunity to provide additional information about yourself, but remember the rule: You only have to indicate what is directly related to the position you are offering.
In most cases, employers are not interested in what you do every day (for example, answering phone calls and emails), they are only interested in the result (for example, you exceeded your sales plan by 62%).
There is no need to explain your CV to each of the job changes, but be prepared to answer this question during the interview. If you have had career breaks, the reasons for them can be explained in the cover letter.
This section typically consists of the following sections: special skills, language skills, computer skills, personal qualities, interests, and hobbies.
Usually here is the information about your driving license. For example: driving license, category “B”. Driving experience – 8 years, private car. You can also provide other information.
Specify your mother tongue first and then list the foreign languages you speak. Indicate the level of knowledge of each of them accordingly. You can use the international level system.
If you are not an avid programmer but an ordinary user, it is best to start this section with the phrase: “Advanced user”. List the software, operating systems, and accessories you know how to work with below. For example, office programs, bookkeeping programs, graphic editors, etc. Complete this list with a phrase about what you can do to work on the Internet, email and more.
Finally, state your positive attributes in this section. Try to list first of all your personal qualities that are best suited to the job you want. As you write your personal qualities, be careful not to list those that are inherently psychologically incompatible.
Interests & Hobbies:
If you think that it is not important to your employer whether you like drawing, dancing, sports, tourism, then the section “Hobbies and Hobbies” can be omitted. If you wish, you can indicate the interests and hobbies you regularly pursue. Team sports and intellectual pursuits such as reading science or art literature are usually good impressions. The best option is to write two to three hobbies that show your active lifestyle, such as sports, active leisure, and more.
Recommendations. If you have agreed with people who can write letters of recommendation to you, you can list these people, usually several, at the end, specifying how they can be contacted.
Occasionally, CVs also include membership information for professional associations, scholarly publications, and copyright patents.
An experienced recruitment specialist will read invisible alarms when reading a CV that deserve attention. There are various alarms. These include the following:
• frequent job turnover;
• the candidate works briefly in the same position;
• when the text of the CV lists several positions at the same time, which are the exact opposite in function;
• Too many unnecessary details in the CV;
• long study or work breaks;
• clutter and negligence when writing calendar dates;
• a photo;
• Lack of professional skills and experience required for these positions.
- The main purpose of your CV is to show who you are and how you are better than other candidates, and to attract the attention of potential employers to make an appointment for you.
- The basic principle of a CV is to highlight all your strengths and beautify (conceal) your weaknesses.
- If you are coming to the company in person, take the original of your CV with a laser printer.
- Follow the rule: Check your CV seven times and send it to the company one or more times.
- Before sending your resume to your employer, re-evaluate whether it will really help the company you are looking for to work with to select you among the other candidates.
Your resume is your personal presentation that leaves a first but lasting and important impression, so before you write it, think about where you are sending it, who will receive it, how it will be read and what folder it will be placed in. Remember that the work of recruitment managers is not about selecting the right CVs, but about rejecting the wrong ones.
There are no strict CV census rules, you should just use common sense that says:
- The CV should contain brief but detailed information about your education, professional skills, work experience, achievements and possible recommendations.
- Each CV is individual and should be written for a specific position.
- The CV should not be larger than one printed page.
- A well legible font should be used. Preferred fonts Times New Roman and Arial. You should not use more than two types of fonts on your CV. However, Bold, Italic and Underline are desirable to use for highlighting important parts of a CV because it attracts the reader’s attention.
- Your CV should be free of grammar, spelling and phrases. Read the resume several times, you can give it to friends and family to read.
- You should edit the CV according to the job profile, the position you are applying for, showing your stubbornness in the chosen field.
- Always send your CV with a cover letter explaining why and for what specific expertise and experience you are a candidate for the job.
- Do not overestimate your abilities or achievements. Do not provide any false information and vague references and job titles. This will only cause a negative reaction from the employer as the links are screened and clutter is revealed. The slightest inaccuracy can be very damaging to you – you will not be able to call or even hope to get the job you want. However, this does not mean that you do not have to show the benefits of your qualifications and skills.
- Your resume will be read by a few people before it reaches your employer. Good quality paper and ink (necessarily black) should be pre-arranged.
- You will be able to make several copies of your resume. Use white or beige paper to avoid diminishing copy quality.
And last tip: a CV should look professional, so it is best to consult with a professional who can help you improve your resume.
If you have already sent in a CV but have not yet received an invitation to interview, one of the reasons for your employer ‘s silence may be that the company’ s recruitment specialist has decided not to waste your valuable time reading and writing a document.
If the job offered is fairly widespread in the job market, a single job posting is usually answered by several thousand jobseekers and uploads a CV. Obviously, the personnel department cannot read the details and think about what exactly the candidate meant by reading each text sent. Finally, a CV for which you could not give enough time and attention just goes to a folder of papers. To avoid this, be sure to refer to the general requirements of the CV.
The CV should not exceed one or two A4 size standard pages.
The CV should not contain insignificant and meaningless details. It is not necessary to list all the events of your employment. Diploma numbers or other similar information are not required at this time of communication with the employer. In your opinion, some important moments can, on the contrary, alienate the staff member and, at worst, even create a negative impression of you as a professional misunderstanding your professional tasks.
Your primary task is to provide complete and accurate data, but it is up to the management of the company-employer to decide. Strictly emphasizing the CV with the same message: “I am a qualified professional and a good employee”, avoid open-minded employer. Don’t write: “If you really need a qualified employee, you will definitely be interested in my resume.”
The way your resume looks depends a lot.
A good CV is one of the most effective job search tools.